Controlling the Courtroom   
Learn about how a judge may maintain control of the courtroom in cases involving pro per defendants.
Brady disclosures   
Learn about the prosecution's duty under Brady, limitations on the duty, what constitutes favorable and material evidence, and how the Brady duty intersects with the right to discovery under Pitchess.
Penal Code Section 17 reductions   
The objective of this article and accompanying self-study test is to familiarize bench officers and lawyers with reduction of felonies to misdemeanors, and misdemeanors to infractions, under Penal Code Section 17.
The admissible record of conviction   
Earn MCLE credit reviewing what constitutes part of the record of conviction which is admissible to prove serious felony priors.
Admissibility of statements decision tree   
The article aims to provide bench officers and lawyers with a pragmatic and structural approach for analyzing issues surrounding the admissibility of statements under Miranda
When you can rely on anonymous tips   
The objective of this article and self-study test is to review the legal framework concerning when an anonymous tip may constitute reasonable suspicion for an investigatory stop. Readers will learn about the case law that governs when a police office
Search and seizure: warrant exceptions`   
A review of the rules and applicable case authority for various exceptions to the general warrant requirement of the Fourth Amendment.
Victim Restitution   
California’s victim-restitution law is a powerful tool for people who have been injured by criminal conduct.
Plea Bargaining Demystified   
Plea bargaining, a vitally important part of the administration of justice, is a complex process with many nuances.
Taking the Fifth   
Strategic considerations complicate a client’s decision whether to invoke the Fifth Amendment.
Crimes and immigration consequences   
The objective of this article is to familiarize readers regarding the immigration consequences of state criminal proceedings in California and the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Special procedural issues in sexual assault cases   
The objective of this article is to acquaint readers with common procedural issues in sexual assault cases, including statute of limitation problems, bail, speedy trial, and confidentiality.
Petitions for factual innocence   
The objective of this article is to review the rules that allow defendants to have arrest records sealed and destroyed under Pen C Section 851.8.
Amendments to the Three Strikes law   
The objective of this article and accompanying self-study test is to familiarize readers with the most important aspects of the 2012 amendment to the Three Strikes law.
Criminal Motion Practice   
Properly making and responding to criminal motions can often make the difference in the outcome of a case.
The power to dismiss under Penal Code Section 1385 is one of the most potent tools at a judge’s disposal. But given how broad the power is, care must be taken that it is used only in appropriate situations.
Tattoos as Evidence   
Tattoos can be pictures worth a thousand words, if they are admitted into evidence.
Miranda Warnings: A Jurisprudence of Limits, Boundaries, and Now a Need for Individual Assertion   
Miranda warnings are part of the legal landscape in much the same way that the Golden Rule is a part of any discussion on morality. They both just seem right: treat others as you would like to be treated; you have the right to remain silent, etc. Bu
A judge is the last barrier between law enforcement and an individual’s privacy. When a judge signs a search warrant, the police are then allowed to enter and inspect a person’s home and effects. The judge’s responsibility and authority must be exerc
The Rights of Victims   
In California, crime victims have the right to be heard—and they also are entitled to recover restitution from the perpetrator.
Law and Procedure: Driving Under the Influence Offenses   
The complexity of the law of driving under the influence (DUI) in California is sometimes daunting. Nonetheless, both bench officers and practitioners in this important area must be conversant with the basic principles of DUI practice and procedure.
Fundamentals of Plea Bargaining   
Plea bargaining can result in a plea to a particular charge or to a sentence with certain limitations in exchange for a defendant’s waiver to a trial on the pending charges. Because the vast majority of cases are resolved through pleas, it is often s
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